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中医词汇学习

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年02月08日 09:59 网络孔子学院

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中医指中国传统医学,是研究人体生理、病理,以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科。

中医指中国传统医学,是研究人体生理、病理,以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科。它以阴阳五行作为理论基础,通过望、闻、问、切,四诊合参的方法,使用中药、针灸、推拿、按摩、拔罐、气功、食疗等多种治疗手段,使人体达到阴阳调和而康复。
TCM refers to traditional Chinese medicine, is a science of researching human physiology, pathology, disease diagnosis and prevention and cure. The theoretical basis of it is Yin and Yang, through the combining methods of look, smell, and asked and feeling the pulse with using Chinese medicine herb, acupuncture, massage, cupping, qigong, diet therapy and other treatments to reconcile the yin and yang and then rehabilitate the human body.

中医

中医: zhōng yī

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

中医指中国传统医学,是研究人体生理、病理,以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科。

TCM refers to traditional Chinese medicine, is a science of researching human physiology, pathology, disease diagnosis and prevention and cure. 

 

中药

中药: zhōng yào

Chinese Medicinal Herb

中药即中医用药,为中国传统中医特有药物。

Chinese Medicinal Herb is medicines used in Traditional Chinese Medicine Science.

 

推拿

推拿: tuī ná

Massage

中医指用手在人体上按经络、穴位用推、拿、提、捏、揉等手法进行治疗。

It refers to some techniques for treatment including push, take, lift and kneading according to meridians, acupuncture points with the body in TCM.

 

针灸

针灸: zhēnjiǔ

Acupuncture and Moxibustion

针法和灸法的合称。针法是把毫针按一定穴位刺入患者体内,运用捻转与提插等针刺手法来治疗疾病。

It is the general terms of Acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture is Filiform needle stick into patients’ body follow a certain acupuncture points, then utilize the techniques like twist and lift and stick to treat the disease.

 

经络

经络:jīng luò

Main and collateral channels inside human body (Jingluo)

人体运行气血的通道。包括经脉和络脉两部分,其中纵行的干线称为经脉,由经脉分出网络全身各个部位的分支称为络脉。

Jingluo (Main and collateral channels inside human body) is the channel human blood is running including meridians and collaterals two parts. The longitudinal trunk is called meridians, and all the branches of the body network separated from the body meridians are called collaterals.

 

气血

气血:qìxuè

Qi and Blood

中医指人体内气和血的统称。中医学认为气与血各有其不同作用而又相互依存﹐以营养脏器组织﹐维持生命活动。

In TCM, it refers to qi and blood in the body collectively. The Traditional Chinese Medicine Science believes that Qi and Blood both have its own effect in different roles and interdependent each other to provide nutrition for visceral organs and to maintain life activities.

 

阴阳

阴阳: yīn yáng

Yin and yang, the two opposing principles in nature

表里、寒热、虚实都是疾病过程中所表现的一组组既对立而又统一的正反现象。对这些正反现象,中医用阴阳来加以概括。

Exterior and interior, cold and heat, weak and strong are demonstrated during the disease procedure as groups of positive and negative phenomena with unified and opposition. These positive and negative phenomena summed up as Yin and Yang in Traditional Chinese Medicine Science.