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文化慢读:李时珍与《本草纲目》Li Shizhen and "The Compendium of Materia Medica"

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年06月30日 10:26 网络孔子学院

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李时珍(约1518-1593)是中国 朝也是中国历史上最著名 医学 家、药学 家和博物学家之一,其所著的《本草纲目 是本草学集大成的著作,对后世的医学和博物学研究 影响深远。

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Li Shizhen (1518–1593) was one of the greatest physicians and pharmacologists in Ming dynasty of Chinese history. His "The Compendium of Materia Medica" is spread with the far-reaching influence medicine and natural history.

李时珍出身于一个世医家庭。由于家庭的熏陶 ,李时珍从小就喜爱医药。在他父亲的启示下,李时珍认识到,理论 固然重要,但要运用到实践 当中去。于是他穿上草鞋,背起药筐,深入实际进行调查。遍访有名望 的医生,搜求民间的验方,观察 和收集药物标本。无论在哪里,李时珍都非常注意观察药物的形态和生长情况。就这样,李时珍经过长期的实际调查,搞清楚了许多药物的疑难问题,于公元1578年,完成了《本草纲目》的编写工作。成了我国药物学的空前巨著。《本草纲目》吸收了许多本草著作的精华,尽可能的纠正了以前的错误,补充了不足,并有很多重要发现和突破,并对其他有关的学科也作出贡献。达尔文称赞它是“中国古代的百科全书 ”。

Li Shizhen was born in an introduction to the family. Because his home schooled, Li Shizhen enjoyed medicine from childhood. In the revelation of his father, Li Shizhen recognized that theory is certainly important, but needed to be used into practice. So he put on his sandals, pick up the medicine basket, and investigate to be made physically. Visit all the reputable doctors and search for private recipe, observation and collect drug samples. No matter where, Li Shizhen are very aware of observing the morphological and growth of medicine. In this way, Li Shizhen get a lot of drug problems through his actual investigation, and in 1578, he completed "The Compendium of Materia Medica", which is a monumental work of Chinese Pharmacology of unprecedented. "The Compendium of Materia Medica" absorbs the essence of many ancient medicine works, mends previous errors, boosts the inadequate, and there are many important discoveries and breakthroughs. Darwin praised it as "encyclopedia" in ancient China.

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