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中医的“望闻问切”

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年12月03日 14:13

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切脉诊断法 (taking pulse and palpation)
切脉诊断法 (taking pulse and palpation)
    传统中医常用,望(观察),闻(听生息),问(询问),切(摸脉相)这四种方式来诊断病情。《黄帝内经》中对于望闻问切也有很详细的记载。


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Wang(inspection),wen(listening and smelling),wen(inquiry),and qie(taking pulse and palpation) are the four basic diagnostic methods used in TCM. In books like Huang Di Nei Jing (Yellow Emperor’s Canon of Medicine), wang(inspection) and qie(taking pulse and palpation) were discussed theoretically in details.
    望(观察)望诊是通过对病人的观察,来获得病人的病情。主要通过病人的精神状态,身体状况,面部表情和舌头状态来判断 。通过外部 的观察,对于了解病人的生理变化和病理变化有十分重要的意义。
Inspection means to collect information about diseases through observing the patient. Inspection mainly refers to observation of the mental state, physical condition, facial expressions and tongue manifestations. To understand the internal through observing the external is an important method used to understand the physiological functions and pathological changes of the human body.
    闻(听生息) 闻是通过听病人的声音、呼吸 和闻病人发出的味道。这种方法是为诊断和用药收集病人的信息。。
Wen(listening and smelling) Wen means to listen to the voices and breath as well as to smell the odors of the patient. This method is used to collect information for diagnosis and use of drugs. .
    中医和西医都会通过询问的方式来诊断 病情。通过问诊医生可以了解到病人的感受、生活状态和以往病史和生病 的时间。。
Wen(inquiry) Inquiry is used by doctor both in TCM and western medicine. Through inquiry, doctors can know the subjective feeling, living habit and anamnesis of the patient as well as the duration of disease.
切(摸脉象) 这种诊断方法最早是用来诊断骨骼 错位和骨折、肿块,同时也应用于对脉搏的检测。摸脉象的诊断的方法是得益于人们对血脉的了解。这也是为什么起初这种方法只能检测人身体的某些穴位
Qie(taking pulse and palpation)This method is used to examine dislocation and fracture of bones, abdominal mass and skin condition. However it is most commonly used to examine the pulse conditions. The development of such a diagnostic method was based on the understanding of the pulsation of vessels in the body. This was why in ancient times this method was used to examine the pulsating points over several regions of the body.

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